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Weight loss can either occur unintentionally due to malnourishment or an underlying disease or arise from a conscious effort to improve an actual or perceived overweight or obese state.

"Unexplained" weight loss that is not caused by reduction in calorific intake or exercise is called cachexia and may be a symptom of a serious medical condition. Intentional weight loss is commonly referred to as slimming.

Cryo Freeze Liposuction

The principle behind cryogenic lipolysis is that fat-containing cells known as adipocytes are more susceptible to cold temperatures than other types of cells. It is similar to what happens when exposure to cold weather leads to frostbite - where the fat cells freeze before the skin cells freeze - so with cryogenic lipolysis the fat cells are frozen whilst leaving the skin cells intact.

One device commonly used in the procedure has two cooling panels attached to a cup-shaped applicator to apply cool temperatures to the area being treated. Vacuum pressure sucks the fat bulge into the hand-held applicator, and cool temperatures are applied for about 45 minutes to 1 hour to kill the adipocytes. During the procedure the person being treated will feel pressure and extreme cold at first, but these sensations don't last more than a few minutes. When the device is removed the fat will have hardened but it will soften again within minutes. The area should then be massaged for a couple of minutes. The person can return to their normal activities immediately, but it will take time to notice any results.

Inflammation at the site appears for about 3 days and is usually noticeable for about 14 days. It occurs as the body produces a natural response to injury, resulting in lymphocytes and other mononuclear cells surrounding the dead fat cells, and then the body's immune system sending macrophages and other phagocytes to the area to digest the fat cells 14-30 days after treatment. Studies have found that there are no increased levels of fat in the bloodstream.

By a month's time after treatment, the inflammation should subside as the number of destroyed fat cells decrease. It will take 2 to 4 months before the results of the treatment are apparent. Cryogenic lipolysis, often marketed as CoolSculpting, can generally reduce fat by 20-25%.

Weight Loss For Man And Woman

Men tend to have more lean muscle tissue, which burns more calories than body fat, even during rest. And when men and women cut the same number of calories, men usually do lose more weight, men have more muscle mass, they burn about 20 percent more calories doing nothing, even at the same height, and men are on average 5 inches taller than women, which further widens the calorie burning gap.