MOBILITY / GAIT PROBLEMS
The pattern of how a person walks is called the gait. Different types of walking problems occur without a persons control. Most but not all are due to a physical condition.
Some walking abnormalities have been given names:
Propulsive gait -- a stooped, stiff posture with the head and neck bent forward associated with Parkinsons Disease
Scissors gait -- legs flexed slightly at the hips and knees like crouching with the knees and thighs hitting or crossing in a scissors-like movement associated with cerebral palsy, spinal cord trauma and multiple sclerosis
Spastic gait -- a stiff, foot-dragging walk caused by a long muscle contraction on one side
Steppage gait -- foot drop where the foot hangs with the toes pointing down, causing the toes to scrape the ground while walking, requiring someone to lift the leg higher than normal when walking associated with Guillain- barre syndrome, Poliomyelitis
Waddling gait -- a duck-like walk that may appear in childhood or later in life associated with congenital hip dysplasia and muscular dystrophy