Botox is a drug made from a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum called botulinum toxin. It is used medically to treat certain muscular conditions and cosmetically remove wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles.
Botulinum toxin is sold commercially under the names:
• Botox, Vistabel, Botox cosmetic (OnabotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
• Dysport (AbobotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
• Bocouture, Xeomin (IncobotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
• Myobloc (RimabotulinumtoxinB or botulinum toxin type B).
How does botox work?
Botulinum toxin is one of the most poisonous substances known to man. Scientists have estimated that a single gram could kill as many as one million people and a couple of kilos could kill every human on earth. In high concentrations, botulinum toxin can result in botulism, a severe, life-threatening illness. Botulism, left untreated, may result in respiratory failure and death.Despite botulinum toxin being so toxic and so costly, Botox is in huge demand.
Botulinum toxin is injected to treat certain muscular conditions and cosmetically remove wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles.
Botulinum toxin has proven to be a successful and valuable therapeutic protein when dosage, frequency of treatment and variety of treated clinical conditions are considered.